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Friday, March 13, 2015

Grocery shopping myths that are costing you money and quality (Health)


Some Food Myths busted

Are brown eggs really more nutritious than white? We all get this type of question in our daily life. After some research I have found that how we can save money on some foods which we think are worth more to pay. Here are 5 of these common grocery shopping myths busted right here, to help you save money without sacrificing quality.


Food Myth #1: Eggs with brown shells are more nutritious than those with white shells.

The color of the eggshell does not affect nutrition, but indicates the color of the bird’s feathers and earlobes. White eggs come from white hens with white earlobes; brown eggs come from red hens with red earlobes. And since brown eggs often cost a bit more than white eggs, you can save a little money and not sacrifice nutrition.


Food Myth #2: A clear bottle is the best container for your milk.

Some people swear milk tastes better in pretty glass bottles, but actually it’s best stored in opaque containers to help prevent milk’s riboflavin—an extremely light-sensitive B vitamin—from breaking down. But which container is best for the environment: glass or plastic? The answer may surprise you.

 Grocery shopping myths that are costing you money and quality (Health)


Food Myth #3: Fresh vegetables are always a better choice over frozen.

Frozen vegetables may be even more healthful than some of the fresh produce sold in supermarkets. That’s because fruits and vegetables chosen for freezing tend to be processed at their peak ripeness, a time when—as a general rule—they are most nutrient-packed, while fruits and vegetables destined to be shipped to the fresh-produce aisles around the country typically are picked before they are ripe, which gives them less time to develop a full spectrum of vitamins and minerals. The first step of freezing vegetables—blanching them in hot water or steam to kill bacteria and arrest the action of food-degrading enzymes—causes some water-soluble nutrients to break down or leach out, but the subsequent flash-freeze locks the vegetables in a relatively nutrient-rich state. Plus, they’re relatively inexpensive, especially when compared with their “fresh” counterparts out of season.

Grocery shopping myths that are costing you money and quality (Health)

Food Myth #4: Wheat bread is made with whole-wheat.

Appealingly brown-colored bread or crackers labeled “flour,” “multi-grain” or “cracked wheat” are sometimes made mostly from refined white flour. The only reliable guide to ensuring that your choice is a true whole grain is to check the ingredients list: the term “whole” or “whole-grain” should precede the grain’s name, such as “whole-grain rye” or “whole wheat.” Get more tips and recommendations for buying the healthiest packaged bread, marinara sauce, crackers and more.

Food Myth #5: You should always pick the bag of spinach at the back of the produce case.

A study published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, revealed that spinach stored continuously under the light for as little as three days boasted higher levels of vitamin C and preserved levels of K, E, folate and the carotenoids lutein and zeaxanthin. The lights enhance nutrient levels by encouraging photosynthesis—the process by which plants use energy from the sun to create food and compounds that protect them. That means that the package of spinach at the front of the case could actually have more nutrients than the one in the dark at the back of the case in the dark.
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Thursday, March 5, 2015

New research advice for parents on Food allergy risk for toddler


Food allergy risk for toddler in early life

This is totally different thinking with regard to food allergy in toddler. When a toddler starts solid food, the experience of tasting new things is just as much of an adventure for the parents. For moms and dads, it can be fun to watch a child react to a first taste of strawberry or piece of cheddar cheese. But the process makes plenty of parents incredibly anxious -- and for good reason. Some of the most enjoyable foods also are the ones

  New research advice for parents on Food allergy risk for toddler
young children can be allergic to, and if that allergy is severe enough it can even be deadly. Food allergies are a problem for an estimated 6 million children in the U.S., according to the non-profit group Food Allergy Research & Education. Traditionally, doctors have recommended parents delay exposure to foods that contain some of the most common allergens -- peanuts, cow's milk, eggs and tree nuts -- for a year after the child no longer lives solely on breast milk or formula. But it turns out that doing the opposite may actually be much better in the long run. Delaying exposure to certain foods appears to be one of the factors that sets off the allergy

 New research advice for parents on Food allergy risk of toddler

New research published earlier this week in the New England Journal of Medicine has pediatricians and parents questioning the long-held belief that avoiding these foods for a while is the safest bet. In what is likely to be considered a landmark study on pediatric food allergies, the researchers regularly gave babies who were known to be at high risk for peanut allergies small amounts of peanut products, starting at the age of 4 to 11 months. Five years later, the kids eating peanuts had 81 percent fewer peanut allergies

than children at equally high risk who didn't eat peanuts. "It works for peanuts and probably works for milk and eggs as well," Dr. David Rosenstreich, chief of the division of the allergy and immunology at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Medical Center in New York, told CBS News. This is why Rosenstreich and other pediatricians recommend starting food introduction early and not shying away from foods that may cause allergies.

How and when to try new foods

 New research advice for parents on Food allergy risk of toddler

"They have to be introduced very carefully," said Rosenstreich. "It's usually safest to do it at home when there's medicine available, usually it's a liquid antihistamine. You can give them a tiny amount of the food and see how they do. “Children can develop allergies to a number of foods. In addition to peanuts, other common culprits are tree nuts such as almonds, walnuts and cashews; cow's milk; and eggs. Some children develop serious allergies to shellfish, soy and wheat. Rosenstreich recommends parents start food introduction at 4 to 6 months old. "We recommend introducing less allergenic foods first. Rice cereals, pureed vegetables, pureed fruits and pureed meats," he said. But Rosenstreich cautions parents of some children who are already at high risk for allergies. These include kids who have one or more parent with known food allergies, since the condition often runs in the family. A child who frequently has eczema or skin rashes is also at a higher risk for developing a food allergy.

In these instances, Rosenstreich recommends parents leave food introduction to a professional pediatric allergist. During the visit, the physician will take a family history and do skin testing to see if a child is sensitized to certain foods such as peanuts and cow's milk. Then the allergist will create a food introduction plan that guides parents on what type of exposure is necessary and safe.

What else parents can do

A mother can help significantly reduce a child's risk for food allergies long before she puts any solid food on the plate. Breastfeeding plays an important role in building up a child's healthy immune system and may offer protection against developing certain allergies. Rosenstreich explains the antibodies in breast milk help bind foreign antigens and boost a child's immune system. And there's another thing parents can do that doesn't actually involve food at all. That is, let your child get a little dirty. Use of antibacterial soaps and household products has been linked to an increase in food and environmental allergies in children. Another study published earlier this week found children living in households that washed dishes by hand were less likely to develop allergies than those who lived in homes that used a dishwasher.
"Allergies are increasing frequently throughout the world. It's related to the hygiene hypothesis," said Rosenstreich, referring to the idea that exposure to germs and bacteria can boost the immune system. "Be a little less careful about sterilizing everything."
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Thursday, February 26, 2015

Reason found-Why we all eat Weight gaining Fatty Food daily life


Why we all eat Weight gaining Fatty Food daily

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 25, 2015 -- Skipping just a single night of sleep leads to a shift in brain activity that seems to spark a desire to consume more fat the following day, a new study suggests. The study offers potential insights into the relationship between lack of sleep and the risk of obesity, researchers said, main finding of this study is that one night of sleep loss altered function within the brain's 'salience network.
Q-Does a Bad Night's Sleep Make You Eat Fatty Food?
A-Study suggests it might, raising the risk for potential weight gain

 Reason found-Why we all eat Weight gaining Fatty Food daily

The salience network is a pathway in the brain thought to guide decision-making, according to Rao. He is an assistant professor of cognitive neuroimaging in neurology and psychiatry within the division of sleep and chronobiology at the University of Pennsylvania's Perelman School of Medicine. What’s more, Rao added, a brain scan analysis revealed exactly how the network changed in response to sleep loss, which ultimately enabled his team to accurately predict how much more fat an individual might consume following lack of sleep. “This study is the first to link [such] changes in regional brain function with actual food intake after sleep deprivation," he said. Rao and his colleagues reported their findings recently in Scientific Reports.

 Reason found-Why we all eat Weight gaining Fatty Food daily

The study authors explained that the salience network is composed of three sections that are all positioned at the front part of the brain. These areas are collectively involved in the onset and interpretation of emotions, sensory perception, and mental strategizing. To explore the network's reaction to a lack of sleep, the study enlisted 46 healthy, mostly non-obese adults aged 21 to 50. All were nonsmokers, and all said they routinely slept between 6.5 and 8.5 hours a night. None suffered from any particular sleep disturbances or any ongoing medical or psychological complications. All were asked to spend five consecutive days (including four nights) in a sleep laboratory. On the first night all got a full night of rest, amounting to nine hours of time spent in bed, after which brain scans were conducted to record normal network function following good sleep. Then, 34 of the participants were randomly selected to be in the "sleep-deprived group" on the second night. This meant they were kept awake all night, while the remaining participants got eight hours of sleep.

Brain scans were then conducted again, after which all participants were allowed to move about, watch TV, read, play video and board games, and eat as much or as little as they wanted. All food was ordered from an available menu, and all intake was recorded.

 Reason found-Why we all eat Weight gaining Fatty Food daily life

The result: those in the sleep-deprived group consumed roughly 950 extra calories after the night they were forced to stay awake. Total calorie consumption was about the same among the sleep-deprived group during the day that followed their all-nighter as it was among those who had normal sleep. However, when calories were broken down by content, investigators found a big difference between the groups. Those who hadn't slept consumed a lot more fat and a lot less carbohydrates than those who had slept.
At the same time, the sleep-deprived group showed markedly greater activity in terms of salience network function. The researchers concluded that people who experience bouts of forced wakefulness -- such as those in the military, truck drivers or medical personnel -- may be prone to making unhealthful food choices due to a related shift in brain activity. Rao acknowledged that the current study only explored the impact of a single night of sleep loss. However, "it is likely that chronic partial sleep deprivation would affect the brain in a similar way," he said, "and that maintaining adequate sleep may be a key strategy for maintaining a healthy weight and diet."Derk-Jan Dijk is a professor in the departments of sleep and physiology, and director of the Surrey Sleep Research Centre at the University of Surrey in England. He suggested that going forward it will be important to examine how both the brain and dietary habits are affected by ongoing sleep loss experienced by people who routinely get only five to six hours of sleep a day. Overall, the study findings support the link between sleep patterns "and changes in food intake and subsequent obesity. Of course, in the real world it is not total sleep loss that is the main problem, but chronic insufficient sleep," Dijk explained. “Nevertheless," he added, "the current study is important because it provides hints to the brain mechanisms involved in the link between sleep loss and changes in food intake.

(Source-Scientific Reports)
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Thursday, February 19, 2015

How new Medication will boost quitting smoking rate?


New way to quit smoking

This is good news for smokers who want to quit smoking. This new drug is like a miracle drug. Every year around 40% try to quit smoking but without success. Now, a new study published in JAMA suggests the use of medication could help smokers quit the habit gradually, resulting in better smoking cessation rates. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), around 7 in 10 smokers in the US say they

How new Medication will boost quitting smoking rate?

want to quit completely. Current quit smoking guidelines from the US Department of Health and Human Services recommend that smokers give up the habit as quickly as possible by setting a quit date in the near future. However, the researchers of this latest study - including Dr. Jon O. Ebbert of the Mayo Clinic - note that only 8% of smokers say they are ready to quit within the next month.

In addition, the team points to a telephone survey of more than 1,000 current daily cigarette smokers in the US, which revealed that around 44% would prefer to quit smoking through a steady reduction in the number of cigarettes smoked. "Developing effective interventions to achieve tobacco abstinence through gradual reduction could engage more smokers in quitting," say the researchers. As such, Dr. Ebbert and colleagues investigated the effectiveness of varenicline (brand name Chantix) - a medication used to treat nicotine addiction - in helping smokers reduce their cigarette use gradually, with the aim of making them quit for good. Varenicline 'a useful treatment option for smokers who are unable to quit abruptly'For their study, the team recruited 1,510 cigarette smokers from over 10 countries who were unwilling or unable to stop smoking within the next month, but who were willing to try and quit smoking within the next 3 months.


Fast facts about smoking

 •Cigarette smoking is the leading preventable cause of death in the US, accounting for 1 in 5 deaths each year
•More than 16 million Americans are living with a smoking-related disease
•Quitting smoking significantly reduces the risk of a number of diseases, including heart disease, lung cancer and stroke.


Learn more about quitting smoking

The participants were randomly assigned to receive either 1 mg of varenicline or a placebo twice daily for 24 weeks. They were followed-up for 1 year. At study baseline, the participants were given a target to reduce the number of cigarettes they smoked by at least 50% at 4 weeks and 75% at 8 weeks. At 12 weeks, they were told to make a quit attempt.

How new Medication will boost quitting smoking rate?

By week 4, the team found that 47.1% of participants who received varenicline had reduced the number of cigarettes smoked by at least 50%, compared with 31.1% of participants who received the placebo. At 8 weeks, 26.3% of those treated with varenicline reached the 75% cigarette reduction target, compared with 15.1% treated with the placebo.

When it came to quitting smoking, the researchers found that the participants treated with varenicline had much higher abstinence rates. At weeks 15-24, 32.1% of participants who received varenicline had ongoing smoking abstinence, compared with only 6.9% of those who received the placebo. At weeks 21-24, continuous smoking abstinence rates for participants who received varenicline stood at 37.8%, compared with 12.5% who received the placebo, while at weeks 21-52, abstinence rates were 27% for the varenicline group and 9.9% for the placebo group. The team notes that 3.7% of participants treated with varenicline experienced serious adverse events, compared with 2.2% of those treated with the placebo. In particular, the drug was linked to increased rates of constipation and

How new Medication will boost quitting smoking rate?

 weight gain, though the researchers note that these effects are also known to be caused by smoking cessation. Overall, the researchers say their findings suggest varenicline may be an effective treatment option for smokers who are unable or unwilling to stop smoking quickly like the current US clinical guidelines recommend. They add: "Because most clinicians are likely to see smokers at times when a quit date in the next month is not planned, the current study indicates that prescription of varenicline with a recommendation to reduce the number of cigarettes smoked per day with the eventual goal of quitting could be a useful therapeutic option for this population of smokers. The approach of reduction with the goal of quitting increases the options for a clinician caring for a smoker."

How new Medication will boost quitting smoking rate?
The team says there were some limitations to their study. For example, they note that the participants received counseling via telephone or clinic visits. "Because of this, the observed abstinence rates with varenicline in actual clinical practice might be expected to be less than that observed in the current trial," they add. Furthermore, they did not assess how the effectiveness of varenicline compares with other "reduce-to-quit" cessation treatments, such as nicotine replacement therapy. The study was funded by pharmaceutical company Pfizer

(Source-New England Journal of Medicine)
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